This page lists the Neotropical Cichlids for sale at our online retail tropical fish store except
because those fish are discussed on other pages. Click
here for more about buying Neotropical Cichlids from us.
This video shows a Blood Parrot. This fish is a hybrid of two Cichlid species, a Red Devil and a Golden Severum. This Blood Parrot
was about 5" long.
This video shows a group of young Parrot Cichlids with various colorations. We rarely have this fish for sale, and it is
shown here for your information and entertainment.
Here is a Big Ol' Male Texas Cichlid about 10" long with a huge bump on his head. Large old male Cichlids often have big bumps on their heads, but
this bump is bigger than most.
Here is a nicely colored Green
Terror Cichlid. This fish is about 5-inches long and is
probably a male.
This video shows a young 2.5" Electric Blue Jack Dempsey. We
the images above.
Here is a comment from Prosanta Chakrabarty, PhD, a scientist
at the American Museum of Natural History.
"Inferring from the molecular evidence I obtained (both
mitochondrial and nuclear), the
Electric Blue is a Jack Dempsey.
I don't know where the rumor started about it being a hybrid
with tetracanthus but I can assure you that it is not. The
Dempsey does not appear to occur in the wild, I would speculate
that the color morph appears because of inbreeding within the
aquarium trade. Hope that helps, Prosanta"
So, according to
Dempsey is a
color variety of
Dempsey, and not
a hybrid with
Green Terror Gold Saum
Andinoacara rivulatus - new
Black Convict Wild Convict
Red Spotted Severums
Heros severus - incorrect
Cichlasoma severum - old
Nandopsis octofasciatum - old
octofasciatum - older
Electric Blue Jack
Cichlasoma salvini - old
Cichlasoma labiatum - old
Said to be a hybrid of
Severum and and Red Devil
and the history of its scientific name.
newer name, and the lower scientific name is the
name. You can see that the genus Cichlasoma is
apparently being split into Archocentrus, Heros, Thoricthys,
more names that are not listed in this table.
The maximum sizes are not really the maximum. I have occasionally seen specimens of each of these fish that are bigger than the sizes listed as the maximum in the
above table. But fish of the sizes listed would be considered very big for that species.
Fish like these Neotropical Cichlids continue to grow their entire lives. Mammals like dogs and cats grow to their maximum size within a few years, stay at that
size for several years, then often decrease in size the last few years of their lives. But Neotropical Cichlids continue to grow for their entire lives. So the term maximum size is a bit more
vague when applied to these fish.
The sizes listed above should be an important guide when buying fish. Be sure you are committed to providing the fish you buy with an appropriate home. Each of
these fish will eventually need a big aquarium.
here to go to another web site which has lots of very interesting details about Cichlids.
This picture shows a young male Green Terror about 2.5" inches long. His fins are longer than the fins of a female his size, and he
has brighter colors than a female the same size.
This is a picture of a beautiful large male Red Devil.
Here is another picture of the same Red Devil, and in this picture you can see the bump on his head and his long pointed fins.
Soon the young male Green Terror shown above will start to grow a bump on his head like the bump on the head of the Red Devil shown just above. A male
Neotropical Cichlid often grows long fins and a bump on his head. The picture of the Green Terror was taken in our
facility by TBK. The pictures of the Red Devil were taken by William W. of
a Special Interview titled "Breeding Convict Cichlids", an
MP3 PodCast, hosted by the Bailey Brothers at
Neotropical Cichlids are generally very aggressive. Most other tropical fish cannot live with these fish. As they mature these fish change colors.
Often the males become more colorful, but sometimes the females become more colorful than the males.
After they mature, the males begin to create a territory and chase other fish out of their territory. They want to attract a female to their territory, then go
through a ritualized test battle with her. Presumably each fish testing the strength of the other.
Once a pair bond is established, the two fish work together to defend their territory, spawn, and raise their baby fish. Click
for more about breeding the Pink Convict shown below.
This is a female Pink Convict about 2.5" long. The males are solid pink and sometimes almost white. Pink Convicts are one of the easiest fish
to breed. Click
here for more details about breeding them.
Appropriate Home A large aquarium with at least 50 gallons of water, an
power filter with a BIO-Wheel, a maximum of 1/4 inch of
gravel, and an
heater adjusted so the water temperature is between 72 and 82 degrees F. Click
here for more about warm water aquariums.
The advertisement, shown below, links to
When Neotropical Cichlids are small, feed them floating flake food. Also
feed them some freeze dried
blood worms and give them an occasional treat of live or frozen brine shrimp.
When Neotropical Cichlids have grown to be about 2.5 inches, they will usually need to start eating pellet food such as
Hikari Cichlid Pellets.
This food is available in most stores
that sell pet fish.
Also feed them an
occasional treat of live
Black Worms and some
live or frozen brine
shrimp. Click here for more about feeding fish.
Some of these Neotropical Cichlids, for example Convicts, seem to do better when fed a few Black Worms. But other Neotropical Cichlids, such
as Firemouths, often seem to get bloat when fed worms. Click
here for more about Black Worms.
The advertisement, shown below, links to
Compatibility Either one of these fish to an aquarium or more than 3. If you keep just 2 or 3 of these fish in the same aquarium, the strongest one
will make the others miserable, but they will usually do very well in a group of 6 or more in a large aquarium with 50 gallons or more of water.
here to read more about several other groups of compatible fish.
Neotropical Cichlids are susceptible to a disease called Hole in the Head. Click
information about this disease.
These Neotropical Cichlids can live to be 10 years old and sometimes older. The maximum sizes are given in the table that is near the
top of this page.
here to go to another page in this website with Customer Comments and our Replies about Neotropical
Books about Neotropical Cichlids
The books shown below are listed on Amazon.com. You can click on the title or the image of a book to go to the page at Amazon.com, where that book is listed and
discussed. In some cases you can preview several of the pages in that book.